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Emile Durkheim (1858–1917) was born in the northeastern French town of Epinal. He came from a long line of French Jews, though he would only go to rabbinical school for a few years before denouncing religion. Always a gifted student, Durkheim entered the prestigious Ecole Normale Superieure in 1879, studying the classics and reading early social theorists like Herbert Spencer and Auguste Comte, who pushed early on for more scientific approaches to understanding social behavior. Disappointed with the French academic system, which had no social science curriculum, Durkheim taught philosophy in France before moving to Germany and completing his dissertation in 1886. Durkheim’s dissertation (https://freecustomwritings.com/custom-dissertation-writing-service) later became The Division of Labor in Society, forever setting a high benchmark for sociology graduate students after him. In 1887, he married Louise Dreyfus, with whom he had two children.Always productive, Durkheim published some of the most influential works in classical sociology at a fast clip, including Division of Labor in Society in 1892, Rules of Sociological Method in 1895, and Suicide, his most famous work, in 1897. In 1902, he was appointed to a faculty position at the Sorbonne in Paris, where he would remain as an influential teacher and scholar. In addition to becoming France’s first sociology professor, he would also go on to found its first sociology journal. It is no wonder he is often cited as the father of sociology.Like Weber and Marx, he was also active in politics, oftentimes finding himself in the minority as a socialist sympathizer. As a Jew and a staunch supporter of social justice, Durkheim was active in the effort to overturn the conviction of Alfred Dreyfus, a Jewish colonel wrongly accused of acting as a German spy. He was also critical of the rise of French nationalism at the onset of World War I, though his spirit wasn’t truly crushed until the death of his son Andre, who was killed in battle in 1915. It was a tragic event from which Durkheim…

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Sociology

Drawing on sociological theory and research critically explore how young people’s educational experiences are shaped by the possession of various forms of capital. Having explored this, now reflect on your own educational experiences and briefly explore how your own classed, gendered and cultural positioning has been articulated in your choices.
Education is quite possibly the only escape route out of social disadvantage, as the spiralling economy in which we dwell continues to mistreat the adolescent. Pierre Bourdieu once described capital as ‘accumulated labor (in its materialized form or its ‘incorporated,’ embodied form)’. (Bourdieu,P, 1986) As we go from infancy into adolescence, and onto adulthood, our educational experiences are what shape our character. The various forms of capital affect us greatly throughout this transition. In today’s Ireland, the educational experience of a student is one of severe obscurity and diversity, as a result of the social constructs embedded in educational institutions. These forms of capital are- social, economic, emotional and cultural. I will begin by discussing the effects of social capital on education, and also two of the remaining forms, economical and emotional, whilst also reflecting on my own educational experiences.
Social Capital
Bourdieu once described social capital as ‘the aggregate of the actual or potential resources’ linked to mutual acquaintance or recognition, or in other words, membership in a group. (Bourdieu, P, 1986) The choices we make or that are made for us in life, are a lot to do with the social network to which we are a part of. For example, if we look at the circle of the travelling community, Irish travellers have a long shared history of customs and traditions, which sets them apart from every other social group. Their social activity, traditions and rituals etc, outlaws the traditions of the greater majority in Ireland. Social mobility between different networks is not common, and this is…

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