In the past century, there has been a massive increase of mothers who have entered the workforce as women have taken on expanding roles in their occupations accompanying the men in our society (Marshall, 2004). In this paper, I will explore the 3 different kinds of non-parental childcare and analyze the influences it may have on a child’s psychological, social and cognitive development.
In today’s society, it is very common that both parents take on the role of being a breadwinner, seeking a higher education and pursuing their career dreams. This has contributed to the 60 percent of children ages 0-6 and the 50 percent of children ages 6-14 who receive part time or full time alternative childcare other than from their parents. (Berns, 2010).
These statistics have raised questions to researchers as to whether or not children in a day care setting are at any advantages or disadvantages because they spend so much of their time outside of the home. Most children are exposed to some nonparent care carried out either in various institutions or by nannies, friends, and extended families. The effects of nonparental care, and especially of institutional care; on children have an important bearing on their overall desirability.
It is difficult to assess the evidence, not only because some the available data are contradictory (and often research on childcare is ideologically driven), but also because much of the existing institutional childcare is deficient and thus adequate empirical evidence is very difficult to gather for infants, kindergartens for preschool children, and school and after-school activities for older children. When you talk about child care you think of what to expect. There are many types’ in-home care, family day care, and center-based care.
When thinking about in-home care; you search for someone that would be trust to come into your home to take care of your child/children. You would not have much of a plan for your child/children to do when you have someone come to your home and there is very little cognitive ability, social understanding, and you will have one on one interaction with the person who is watching your child/children. You may have a find a little more complex interaction and with other children when you look for a family day care service.
This is a little more planned environment and does show more cognitive abilities and social understanding. Most children have fun being able to go to another place to have fun than being stock in their home all the time. For a more complex and advanced way for child care is a center-based care where they help get you child/children ready for school while having fun. Your child/children will have the highest cognitive ability and social understanding.
A center-based care center is very organized and has planned curricula with groups and individuals as well. I personally believe that you would get more out of a center-based care center because of the great help of helping with readiness for school. Plus, the child/children can have more fun will more children their age. But, the other two child care is great but you will get more out of the other one. In conclusion, depending on what you want for your child/children you have a wide variety of child care you can choose from.