These requirements maybe used for auditing and certification purposes (Al & OHS Consultants 2010). 2. 3. AS 1885. 1: 1990 Measurement of Occupational Health & Safety Performance – The main purpose of this standard is to provide employers with a guide on how to establish a relatively inexpensive and easy to use method of recording information on injury and disease experience at the workplace. (Australia Standard Work safe Australia National Standard 1990). 2. 4.
AS 3745: 2010 Emergency Control Organisation And Control Procedures For Building Structures And Workplaces – The objective of this standard is to enhance the safety of people in facilities by providing a framework for emergency planning, utilising the built facilities as appropriate (Evacuation Chairs Australia 2009) 2. 5. AS 2865: 1995 Safe Working In Confined Space – This standard not only ensures that confined spaces are made safe for those entering them, but also highlights the likely hazards associated with such work areas and the relevant safe work processes necessary to deal with these hazards. Australian Standard Worksafe Australia National Standard 2001A). 2. 6. AS 4804: 2001 Occupational Health & Safety Management Systems- This standard provides guidance on the development & implementation of occupational health and safety management systems (OHSMS) and the supporting principles. It also seeks to provide guidance for their integration with other management systems. (Al & OHS Consultants 2001A). 5. Guidelines 1. Confined Spaces Guideline – This industry guide is aimed at employers, workers and self-employed persons who carry out work associated with confined spaces.
It provides practical guidance towards minimising health and safety risks associated with confined spaces. It outlines the necessary actions required to comply with the Workplace Health and Safety Regulation 2008 (Part 18 – Confined Spaces). 2. Cancer Council Queensland: SunSmart Workplace Policy Guideline – This guideline helps employers through the process of developing a SunSmart policy to help employees reduce their risk of developing skin cancer (Cancer Council QLD 2010). 3.
WorkCover Queensland: A death in the workplace guideline – This guide is for the family and friends of a person killed in a workplace incident. It explains the roles of Workplace Health and Safety Queensland, WorkCover Queensland, the Queensland Police Service and the coroner after a death in the workplace and shows the steps taken by these agencies after the incident. It also lists contact resources that family and friends may find helpful (Department of Justice and Attorney General 2010). 4.
WorkCover Queensland: Employers return to work program guideline – This guideline is about ensuring the prompt, safe and durable return-to-work of an injured worker. It includes treatment of the injury, rehabilitation back to work, retraining into a new skill or new job, management of the workers compensation claim and the employment practices of an employer. (Department of Justice and Attorney General 2010L) 5. Queensland Water Recycling Guideline – The purpose of this guideline is to encourage and support water recycling that is safe, environmentally sustainable and cost-effective.
They are designed to provide guidance on water recycling that is appropriate to Queensland conditions and to provide a road map to other resources that can support water recycling. (Water Wise Queensland 2005) 6. Safety management systems Guideline – This guideline provides guidance on the content and structure of an occupier’s safety management systems, addressing key features such as framework, commitment and leadership, planning, implementation, monitoring, measurement, evaluation, auditing and review. (Department Of Justice and Attorney General 2009M). 7. General Duty of Care
A key principle of the Workplace Health and Safety Act is ‘duty of care’. This imposes obligations on employers to ensure the workplace health and safety of employees at work. This obligation extends to anyone who may be adversely affected by the work being undertaken, such as contractors, visitors, neighbours or passersby. It is an employer’s responsibility to find out about the hazards in the workplace and assess their potential to cause harm. Then, if necessary, an employer must take steps to control the risk, either by eliminating it or reducing it to an acceptable level.
Section 30 of the Workplace Health and Safety Act 1995 stipulates that employers, or persons in control of workplaces, are obligated to: (a) ensure the risk of injury or illness from a workplace is minimised for persons coming onto the workplace to work; (b) ensure the risk of injury or illness from any plant or substance provided by the person for the performance of work by someone other than the person’s workers is minimised when used properly; (c) ensure there is appropriate, safe access to and from the workplace for persons other than the person’s workers.
It is important to note that as part of a national ‘OHS harmonisation’ initiative, the Commonwealth and each State and Territory have agreed to amend their OHS legislation so that each is consistent with the national Model Work Health Safety Legislation. The Model WHS legislation is due to commence on 1 January 2012. Queensland’s revised legislation, the Work Health and Safety Act 2011 (the WHS Act 2011) will take effect on this date.
The WHS Act 2011 imposes a specific duty on officers of corporations and unincorporated bodies, such as clubs and associations, to exercise due diligence to ensure that the corporation, club or association meets its work health and safety obligations. The duty requires officers to be proactive in ensuring that the corporation, club or association complies with its duty (Department of Justice and Attorney General 2011N). This is different to the situation existing under the Workplace Health and